2.3 % Grew in China’s Economy

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  China’s economy recovered to pre-pandemic growth rates in the fourth quarter, propelling it to a stronger than expected full-year expansion of 2.3% and making it the only major one to avoid contraction.  Gross domestic product climbed 6.5% in the final quarter from a year earlier, fueled by stronger-than-expected industrial output, the statistics bureau said Monday.   Covid-19, which has ravaged the world economy, first emerged in central China in late 2019. But the world's second-largest economy also became the first to bounce back after imposing strict lockdowns and virus control measures. It is expected to be the only major world economy clocking positive 2020 growth. In the last three months of 2020, China's economic rebound continued with a better-than-expected 6.5 percent growth on-year, a sustained improvement since the second quarter. This brings it back to a pre-pandemic trajectory, although full-year 2020 growth is still its worst performance since 1976, when the ec

Dying Secularism

Gandhi’s notion of Secularism--- sarva-dharma-sambhav (equal treatment for all religion) --- is fundamentally different from the textbook definition of the term Secularism.Considering Modis aversion for the the word 'secularism', which he has ridiculed many a time, as well as his subscription to Gandhian values, which he has routinely expressed, it is only logical to wonder whether Modis version of Secularism will also resemble that of Gandhi’s. Now that he has inaugurated a Hindu temple, should one except to see him next at the inauguration of a Christian Church or a Muslim Mosque? Nothing can be more Gandhian than that, after all!   

India, unlike the United States, does not define secular as being separate from or without any religious or spiritual basis. Under the constitution, all religions are treated as equal and protected from discrimination. secular means the separation of church and state and therefore the separation of religion from politics, religion continues to play a key role within Indian politics in a way that sometimes negatively affects minority religious groups.

The road to rebirth of 'Hindu Glory' and making India a 'Hindu Rashtra' (a Hindu polity) began in May 2014 when PM Modi became Prime minister for the first time. The rise of Modi was seen as the rise of 'Hindutva Ideology' which can be best understood by the words of BJP and RSS leader Rajeshwar Singh, who said "The inner spirit of India has been awakened. Bharat Mata has risen. She is anxious to attain her goal. Wait and watch. December 31, 2021 is the last date for Christian terrorist and Islam in this country. We have vouched to erase Islam and Christianity from the country by the date. This is me and my comrade’s oath.”

 Although Cow vigilantism, lynching and Mob violence against Muslims were part and parcel of Modi’s first tenure, it was only after the beginning of his second term in 2019, that the structural violence against India's largest religious minority community, the Muslims, was unleashed.
The world’s biggest democracy is seeing its sacred document being eroded at the hands of an extremist leadership. Provocative statements from BJP leadership are becoming a new normal in Indian politics. Long gone is the vision of its founding fathers like Nehru and Gandhi, who had envisioned India to be a secular and pluralist state. History has been witness to the fact that any nation which pursued policy of extremism and persecution, have only suffered in the long run. One of the classic examples of such instances is the brutal Sri Lankan civil war which made the nation suffer for around three decades before it mended its ways.

The right wing’s opposition to Secularism—or their belief in ‘appeasing majority’—is premised on the fact that Secularism talks about equal treatment to all religions based on the philosophy of Sarva Dharma Sama Bhava, which is not acceptable to Hindus since Hindus being a majority community must be treated preferably and specially apart from being given a ‘distinct status’ by the state.

Now, there is a problem of spread of misinformation throughout India which sometimes become the major reason of unrest and cause people to become aggressive towards other religions. Many of us are aware of the BJP IT Cell which has become specially active throughout all social media sites and across the Internet, spreading lies, propaganda and also instigating people against each other which has led secularism(one of the basic principles of our country) to it’s certain collapse. 

If, however we take a look throughout the world, this problem has been seen in many countries like the Middle East, China and Russia. While countries like Saudi Arabia have straight up laws that show it’s preference towards one religion, China and Russia have done prejudice against a particular religion in their own way. The most recent example of this is the persecution of Uighur Muslims in China,this has been seen by many international organisations as a social genocide or ethnocide through the application of policy of sinicism in the province of Xanjiang. One more example of this is the invasion of Chechnya done by the Russian forces as part of a retaliation against the capturing of Dargestan by a terror group based off of Chechnya known as IIPB which was controlled by warlords Shamil Basayev, Ibn al-Khattab, and Ramzan Akhmadov, Arbi Barayev. This invasion resulted in the killing of many innocent people who were mostly muslims. Also in many interviews of the Russian president Vladimir Putin, his dislike towards the followers of Islam can be seen quite clearly.   

Now coming back to India, the decline of secularism was started before India was even called a secular state. During the time of partition, the most affected states due to communal violence were of Bengal, Delhi and Punjab. During that time, a rise of groups focused on particular religions was seen like the Hindu Mahasabha, Akali Dal, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh which have become more powerful throughout the passage of time. Special focus should be kept on the RSS since our ruling party BJP has associated with them throughout it’s history and follows many principles of it. 

One thing to keep in mind is that India’s main problem is not corruption but communalism. Even in Ancient India corruption existed which is shown in this quote by Chanakya, “Just as we cannot know when fish swimming in water is drinking it, we cannot know when government officers are appropriating public funds.” however the increase in communal violence throughout these years is a major threat and could lead to major disaster in India. Communalism unlike corruption is an explosive crisis which if not controlled could lead to religious unrest throughout the country and even Civil War. Both Hindu and Muslim Communalism was seen towards the end of the 19th century and during the time of the partition, this problem was regarded as most important for all the major leaders of the time and hence they formed their policies around the solution to this. The rise of communalism and a inclination of the government towards fascism should be a waking call for all Indians to not forget the basic principle of our Constitution and follow the principles of Gandhi and also our basic moral values of not hating anyone on the basis of religion.  

This spread of hate is used by the politicians as a bait for getting votes but if we fall now, it will badly affect the situations in which the coming generations will live in India. A state of fear and violence will be dominant throughout the land and India would be in complete turmoil if communal values are spread. 

We would like to end this blog through the use of a poem by Faiz Ahmed Faiz used during the time of partition when there were killings on both sides. 

"Ye daagh daagh ujaalaa, ye shab-gaziida sahar, 
Vo intizaar thaa jis-kaa, ye vo sahar to nahiiN, 
Ye vo sahar to nahiiN jis-kii aarzu lekar 
Chale the yaar ke mil-ja`egi kahiiN na kahiN 
Falak ke dasht meN taroN kii aakhiri manzil, 
KahiN to hogaa shab-e sust mauj kaa sahil, 
KahiN to jaake rukegaa safiina-e-gham-e-dil. 

JawaaN lahu kii pur-asraar shaahrahoN se 
Chale jo yaar to daaman pe kitne hath paRe; 
Diyaar-e-husn kii be-sabr khwaabgaahoN se 
Pukaarti-rahiiN baahen, badan bulaate-rahe; 
Bahut 'aziiz thii lekin rukh-e-sahar ki lagan, 
Bahut qariin thaa hasiinaN-e-nuur kaa daaman, , 
Subuk subuk thii tamannaa, dabii dabii thii thakan. 
Sunaa hai ho bhii chukaa hai firaaq-e-zulmat-o-nuur, 
Sunaa hai ho bhii chukaa hai visaal-e-manzil-o-gaam; 
Badal-chukaa hai bahut ahl-e-dard kaa dastuur, 
Nishaat-e-vasl halaal o 'azab-e-hijr haraam. 
Jigar kii aag, nazar kii umang, dil kii jalan, 
kisii pe chaara-e-hijraaN kaa kuchh asar hii nahiiN. 
KahaaN se aa'ii nigaar-e-sabaa, kidhar ko ga'ii? 
Abhii charaagh-e-sar-e-rah ko kuchh khabar hii nahiiN; 
Abhii giraanii-e-shab meN kamii nahiiN aa'ii, 
Najaat-e-diidaa-o-dil ki ghaRii nahiiN aa'ii; 
Chale-chalo ke vo manjil abhii nahiiN aa'ii."

Translation: 
This leprous daybreak, dawn night's fangs have mangled -- 
This is not that long-looked-for break of day, 
Not that clear dawn in quest of which those comrades 
Set out, believing that in heaven's wide void 
Somewhere must be the stars' last halting-place, 
Somewhere the verge of night's slow-washing tide, 
Somewhere an anchorage for the ship of heartache. 
When we set out, we friends, taking youth's secret 
Pathways, how many hands plucked at our sleeves! 
From beauty's dwellings and their panting casements
Soft arms invoked us, flesh cried out to us; 
But dearer was the lure of dawn's bright cheek, 
Closer her shimmering robe of fairy rays; 

Light-winged that longing, feather-light that toil
But now, word goes, the birth of day from darkness. 

Is finished, wandering feet stand at their goal; 
Our leaders' ways are altering, festive looks 
Are all the fashion, discontent reproved; -- 
And yet this physic still on unslaked eye 
Or heart fevered by severance works no cure. 
Where did that fine breeze, that the wayside lamp 
Has not once felt, blow from -- where has it fled? 
Night's heaviness is unlessened still, the hour 
Of mind and spirit's ransom has not struck; 
Let us go on, our goal is not reached yet. 

Author - रचित and Mayank Mishra 


Comments

  1. Well you are correct.I really feel very sorry for our constitution makers that their dream of the SECULAR STATE is now deteriorating. It is the silent majority of India which needs to assert its position on the steady erosion of secularism.

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