2.3 % Grew in China’s Economy

  China’s economy recovered to pre-pandemic growth rates in the fourth quarter, propelling it to a stronger than expected full-year expansion of 2.3% and making it the only major one to avoid contraction.  Gross domestic product climbed 6.5% in the final quarter from a year earlier, fueled by stronger-than-expected industrial output, the statistics bureau said Monday.   Covid-19, which has ravaged the world economy, first emerged in central China in late 2019. But the world's second-largest economy also became the first to bounce back after imposing strict lockdowns and virus control measures. It is expected to be the only major world economy clocking positive 2020 growth. In the last three months of 2020, China's economic rebound continued with a better-than-expected 6.5 percent growth on-year, a sustained improvement since the second quarter. This brings it back to a pre-pandemic trajectory, although full-year 2020 growth is still its worst performance since 1976, when the ec

Indo-China Border Dispute

India and China share a border of 3440 km long and have overlapping territorial claims. Their border patrols often bump into each other, resulting in small struggle but both the sides insist no bullet has been fired in four decades. Army of both the country came face to face at many points. The poorly demarcated Line of Actual Control (LAC) separates the two sides. Rivers, lakes and snow caps mean the line separating the solider can shift and they often came close to confrontation.

History of dispute
India and China fought a war in 1962 over their contested in the border in the Himalayas. The war ended with a truce and the formation of a De Facto boundary, known as the LAC. There has been an uneasy and fragile peace since the war. No official border has ever been negotiated,the region where clashes is hostile terrain, at high Altitude and less populated running through the Ladakh region bordering Tibet.

What is Line of Actual Control ( LAC) ?
LAC is a loose demarcation line that separates India-controlled territory from China-controlled territory in the Indian Union Territory of ladakh and Chinese Tibet autonomous Region. LAC is the line formed after 1962 Sino-India War and is a part the Sino-Indian border dispute.

 What is difference between the LAC and LOC ?
 The Lac is line of Actual control between India and China and as now there is no clarity over the line, there is no agreement over it by both the countries and neither it appears on the map. On the other hand, the line of Control (LOC) is between India and Pakistan. The LOC is located on the map of both countries and is backed by Shimla agreement.

Why LAC is a disputed area between India and China?
For India, the LAC is 3,488 km long, however for China, it is just 2,000 km long. India has been building its territory over the LAC considering its 3488 km length. China has been demanding a freeze on such construction activities and infrastructural development by India. The major disagreements between India and China are over the LAC at the Eastern (Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim) & Western sectors (Ladakh). There is no clarification on the LAC boundary. China and India have signed four agreements on this boundary issue. These agreements were signed in September 1993, November 1996, April 2005 and October 2013. But these agreements are considered to be weak and are unable to solve the boundary issue between the countries. 

Persent Situation
Chinese army have crossed the border and possibly set up a semi-permanent structures.  This has happened at three points along the border in Ladakh: the Galwan river valley, the “Hot Springs” near Kongka Pass, and Pangong Tso. Indian military has clarified that they will not allow any kind of Chinese transgression in its territory and have improved patrol in those areas. Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) has been clashing with Indian Armed forces on patrol by entering into the Indian side.
The matter has escalated as it could not be resolved by the armies at local level and talks have initiated diplomatically.


  1. Thank you Rachit for covering all the aspects of this global hot topic or the clash between the two countries. It will definitely impact our relations with China 🇨🇳 in the future.
    Keep providing the good work.

    Thanks and Regards,
    Ritvik Tripathi

  2. Great job...keep sharing
    please visit my blog


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