Two years since Article 370: A major success for the NDA?

  Two years after Indian parliament revoked the autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir, Prime Minister Narender Modi’s government seems to have succeeded in bringing the region under its direct control.On 5 August 2019, a proposal to abolish Article 370 and 35A implemented in Kashmir was introduced by Home Minister Amit Shah in the Rajya Sabha. After which President Ram Nath Kovind also approved it after the resolution was passed in the Rajya Sabha. After getting approval from the President, Article 370 and 35A were abolished from Jammu and Kashmir. After this big decision of the central government, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh were separated and divided into two separate union territories.   After the abrogation of Article 370 and 35A, Union Home Minister Amit Shah had said, 'Now our country can move forward on the path of peace and development.' He said that this step will further strengthen the policy of zero tolerance towards terrorism. Shah exuded confidence th

Analyzing The Stimulus Package

For the five successive days, Finance Minister Nirmala sitharaman has announced various measures to boost the economy and- as she repeatedly says- to fulfill the dream of Prime Minister of a new 'Aatma Nirbhar Bharat' or 'self-reliant' India. Earlier on 12 May, P.M Modi said that the package will be around 20 lakh crore, 10 % of India's GDP. But the package is likely to cost government only 1 percent of the GDP. There is a huge difference between the benefits and the actual cost, this is due to the material benefits such as bank guarantee and permission given in the major Announcement. The total policy support of Atmanirbhar Bharat stands at nearly Rs 11 lakh crore, with a direct fiscal impact of mere Rs 1 lakh crore (0.5% of GDP). With this, the overall economic package stands at mere 0.8 per cent of GDP, said Madhavi Arora, Economist, Edelweiss.A report by Barclays also highlighted that the government’s fiscal support programme, which sums up to Rs 21 lakh crore including Rs 8 lakh crore of measures announced by RBI, will make the actual fiscal impact of only Rs 1.5 lakh crore, which is 0.75 per cent of GDP. The special package does not include any single paisa directly transfer to the migrant labour or poors who have lost their job. But all they get an offer of loan and a cruel statement from Finance Minister that Modiji government believes in empowerment and entitlement. Does it make any sense to those who have no Income for two months, most likely to already borrowed the money to get by, to take more loans?
In the name of fighting the COVID-19 pandemic and reviving the sinking economy, the government has revealed a package of policies that openly sides with the rich, and declares a war on the poor. The reader may be astonished by this analysis and thinking why such criticisms. But here are the reasons.
Will farmers benefit?
In the slew of measures announced on May 15, a complete overhaul of the agricultural produce trade has taken place. Sale and trade of key food items used to be controlled by law. That law have been removed. This measure is being posed as liberation for farmers, but in effect it will mean a free for all in which the big traders will monopolise the market and ultimately determine prices and supply itself. Those with deep pockets – and this includes foreign companies – will out-compete local traders, and crush the farmers’ interests.
Will Labour benefit? 
A series of changes in labour laws has denuded them of even the paltry protection they had against brutal exploitation. Work hours have been increased, wage fixation norms have been abandoned, safety and protection thrown to the winds, benefits have been cut, and collective bargaining or protest rights severely curtailed. These changes in laws may be routed through state governments but are actually the consensus of India’s bourgeoisie, represented by diverse political parties, barring the Left. So much so, that over 140 million workers and employees lost their jobs by end of April and the Modi government has not lifted a tiny finger to help them out. In fact, most labour law changes have been foisted on the workers during this period of extreme distress.So, the policies, the stimulus packages notwithstanding, and despite the peanuts offered in terms of some kilograms of foodgrain, or a few rupees in the bank, the working people and the unemployed are today like 21st Century slaves. 
Will Middle Class benefit?
This section is feeling the pinch with millions of white collar jobs lost, salaries cut and an uncertain future, with work from home the preferred option for the employer's because it it saves them a lot of overhead expenses.In the ongoing pandemic, the shameful way in which the private sector has dealt with its employees – sending them off without pay, or just dismissing them. Neither government has taken any measure for the middle class just increased their credit capability..

The truth is that entire package is designed not to help the worker and poor but to push the government agenda of pro-corporate reforms. The government once again is putting forward it's propaganda and neglecting the real needs of people. 


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