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UAPA- Tool To Shut Dissent in India

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  The death of Stan Swamy, the Jesuit priest and activist, India’s oldest political prisoner who died in jail, waiting for bail for nine months, at the age of 84 has brought the spotlight back on the Unlawful Activity Prevention Act (UAPA), the primarily counter-terror Law in India.  The Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) 1967 is the  primary counter-law in India. The terror law has come under sharp scrutiny recently with various courts finding application of the UAPA (arbitrary). About The Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA)  Passed in 1967, the law aims at effective prevention of Unlawful activities in India. The ACT assigns absolute power to the central government, by way of which if the Centre (deems) an activity as unlawful then it may by way of an official Gazette, declare it so.  It has death penalty and life imprisonment as highest punishments. Under UAPA, both India and foreign nationals can be charged. It will be applicable to the offenders in the same manner, ev

What exactly is Communism

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 Now Communism if simply put, is social, political and economic ideology leading to a movement whose main aim is to establish a communist society where the means of production are owned communally and there is no place for private ownership. According to communists, there exists two classes in society and this is the sole reason for all conflict. These two classes are proletariat, the working class which forms the majority of the population and the bourgeoise which forms very little of the population but enjoys a lavish life earning from the work of the proletariat. The communists hence put in place a social revolution where the private ownership of properties is replaced with social ownership, this forms the basis for communism. Communism as a term originated from Victor d’Hupay’s idea of living in communes where all property will be shared and all may benefit from everybody’s work. Modern Communist ideology began to develop during the French Revolution with the “Communist

Hinduism and Pride

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6th sept 2018.That was the day on which  Consensual sexual conduct between two adults of same sex was decriminalized in the world's largest democracy (India). But why was it criminalized to begin with, you might ask. Surely, it must be due to the "backward mindset" of Indians who seemto be homophobic as a society? Negative. It was criminalized under the BRITISH COLONIAL RULE. Due to the Section 377 of the British colonial Constitution. Gay sex is still a crime in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei,Myanmar, Kuwait, Oman, Kenya, Nigeria, Gambia, Uganda, Zambia,Mauritius, Iran, Yemen, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia. Sudan, UAE, Papua New Guinea etc. The long list of countries is why I laugh when I read an article by a British person on how India is backwards with respect to homosexuality. Some of the countries I mentioned above do indeed have their own issues with accepting homosexuality. Some of them even had lawsin place to criminalise

The Prowess of Indian farmers?

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Over a month farmers from Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are continuing to block key highways on the outskirts of New Delhi as they demand a total repeal of the farming Bill which seeks to deregulate crop pricing.   The farmers worry that the three laws, designed to deregulate the agricultural sector, do not include a Minimum Support Price (MSP), a minimum price guaranteed by the government at which farmers can sell their crops. Without this safety net, farmers fear they will have to participate in contract farming with private corporations, where these companies determine what the farmer grows and the price they sell at.   While Prime Minister Narendra Modi argues that these laws will modernise the agricultural sector, farmers will have more autonomy, as they can set their own price's and sell directly to private businesses, farmers insist that without a guarantee of an MSP, opening the market to contract farming and mass privatisation will pave the way for exploitation.   Who

The farmers protests: Everything you need to know

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If you have not been living under a rock, you may have heard of the ongoing protests in the country’s capital or fair to say well-nigh the capital of our country since the protestors have not been able to actually enter the city and protest even though it is a peaceful one. Now this issue has been sidelined by the mainstream media of our country but as citizens of this country we can’t ignore the cries of our farmers as these are the ones who provide us with the food on our table. Our objective during the writing of this blog was to try to show everyone the reality of this situation while getting rid of the air of conspiracy theories and bogus related to these protests floating around different social medias and not surprisingly, our mainstream media without much proof and evidence about most of their claims.   These protests are basically against the three new agriculture bills passed in the parliament this year. Particularly, the Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promot

Love Jihad: Reality or Diversion

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Amongst so many challenges India is facing, Five Bharatiya Janata Party ruled states have decided that one of their top priorities is to pass a law based on a theory aimed at preventing inter-faith marriages.  The leader of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Assam and Karnataka have promised to introduced strict legal provisions to prevent “Love Jihad” a conspiratorial delusion that imagines, a vast, Country-wide plot by Muslim Men to dupe unsuspecting Hindu Women into marriage with the aim of converting them to Islam.  The idea of “Love Jihad"  had itself comes from what was once a fringe conspiracy theory among Christian and Hindu groups in Kerala that spread around the country thanks to misinformation networks, often picking stray incidents and weaving them into a grand narrative. The theory plays into older right-wing Hindu anxieties about the virility of Muslim men, the purported susceptibility of Hindu women and baseless fears about wholesale demographic change that w

Air Pollution

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Introduction to Air Pollution:  Air pollution has been a topic of discussion in almost all the seminars on nature. Air pollution if   stated in simple terms is the presence of substances in the atmosphere that are harmful for living beings. Air pollution is prevalent in varying amounts throughout the world with  some places having such polluted air that it is almost fatal to live. Now Air pollution has no one source and also doesn’t have a simple solution. It has been caused by a multitude of events and also requires quite complex and tedious methods for its reduction. Air Pollution is now  considered as one of the most prominent health hazards in nature due to its presence in all parts  of the world. Earlier, it was thought that air pollution exclusively harms the respiratory organs  but when air pollution research advanced further, it was realized that air pollution can also cause  a multitude of Cardiovascular diseases and neuroglial, reproductive and immune system  disorders. Air P

Dying Secularism

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Gandhi’s notion of Secularism--- sarva-dharma-sambhav (equal treatment for all religion) --- is fundamentally different from the textbook definition of the term Secularism.Considering Modis aversion for the the word 'secularism', which he has ridiculed many a time, as well as his subscription to Gandhian values, which he has routinely expressed, it is only logical to wonder whether Modis version of Secularism will also resemble that of Gandhi’s. Now that he has inaugurated a Hindu temple, should one except to see him next at the inauguration of a Christian Church or a Muslim Mosque? Nothing can be more Gandhian than that, after all!    India, unlike the United States, does not define secular as being separate from or without any religious or spiritual basis. Under the constitution, all religions are treated as equal and protected from discrimination. secular means the separation of church and state and therefore the separation of religion from politics, religion continues to

Desperate for Growth

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The spread of COVID-19 and the lockdowns imposed throughout the world caused a major decline in many economic activities such as trade and commerce, this led to the decline of growth and consumer demand due to lack of available resources caused by the shutting down of industries and the prohibition of movement between nations and inside nations from one place to another, now the effect of coronavirus was varying from country to country and between different regions, India became one of the worst hit countries during this time which could be seen in the 23.9% decline of GDP and the IMF report which showed that in the 5 major socio-economic measures in the world which are included during the calculation of HDI, India could slide to 4th position in the Indian subcontinent only being above Pakistan due to Bangladesh’s GDP per capita expected to be greater than India’s. Such a state of economic slump will need effective and important steps from the government to recover from.  

Not an Object

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Now it is no surprise for any Indian that the situation of women safety in India is really worsening day by day and has reached a point where having a body of a women is a threat in India. Women in our society are already facing a wall of patriarchy and restrictions in every part of their life. It has become a burden for women to take care of their own safety and the motto “beti bachao, beti padhao” clearly shows it, where women are told to take precautions and be responsible for their own safety rather than making sure that justice is served quickly and teaching boys how to behave and treat women. The major problems in Indian society is that there is a lack of sex education and equality given to women in day to day life. There is also a notion of objectification of women in India where women are treated more like an object by the people around them. It is also seen that the urban and rural areas are equally unsafe for women which can be seen from the crime records of all the major cit

The first Presidential debate 2020

Assumptions before the start of the debate : 1 . President would be looking to be on an attacking front throughout the debate and make personal comments on Joe Biden. He would most likely comment on Biden’s past and on his views towards China. 2. Joe Biden on the other hand has in a way been preparing since 1987 and will most likely be defensive but will make subtle attacks on Trump on some fronts here and there. Expectation of the impact of this debate: This debate will not be able to change the common perspective of both candidates over night. Trump will most likely be looking for switching to front foot and make the debate more about Biden’s shortcomings rather than his own failures and challenges. Facts about the debate: 1. Trump interrupted Joe Biden 73 times during the course of the debate. 2. The moderator Chris Wallace asked Trump to stop interrupting 25 times. 3. Surprisingly, Trump spoke less than Joe Biden at 38 minutes compared to Biden’s 43 minutes. 4. The longe

Sports under Tyranny

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Navid Afkari, 27 was sentenced to death in 2018 for the murder of a security guard during the nationwide anti government protests going on. He was convicted of “voluntary homicide” after stabbing to death Hossein Torkman. Afkari had said in a leaked recording that he had been tortured to make a confession. Amnesty International has called this incident as a “travesty of justice”. The world player’s association has seen this incident as unjust and said that Iran could face expulsion from world sport for such a horrendous act. Afkari was reportedly extracted under torture and convicted on the basis of confessions aired on television. The international Olympic committee has also mourned the death of Afkari and was “deeply upset” that pleas from several athletes and other international institutions around the world was gone unheard. Afkari was executed in a prison in Shiraz and according to his lawyer was forbidden to meet his family which is a prerequisite in Iranian Law bef

The Fall of the Indian Farming Industry

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Three Bills on agriculture reforms were introduced in Parliament on Tuesday to replace the ordinances issued during lockdown. Opposition parties and farmer groups are opposing the move to enact amendments to the Essentials Commodities Act, new Laws to bypass the start APMA Act and to facilitate contract farming. Introducing The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotions and Facilities) Bill, and The Farmers Empowerment and Protection Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar said “The New Law would benefit farmer by empowering them to decide the price of their produce, which was earlier determined by the traders. It would encourage private investment and technology introduction in the Sector". Congress MPs Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury and Gaurav Gogoi opposed the Bills, accusing the Centre of grabbing the rights of farmers and handing it over to corporates, adding that the States were not consulted. “It is beyond the legislati

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